What Is The Perfect Swing Plane In Golf?

on June 17, 2022
Swing plane is a commonly used term in golf especially when learning the correct swing. The importance of the swing plane and staying within it is often stressed and emphasized to achieve good consistent shots. This crucial element of the game is a concept beginner golfers learn to achieve and even professional players struggle to maintain. Is there a perfect swing plane for golf? What is the correct swing plane for driver or irons?



What is a swing plane in golf and why is it important?

Swing plane is the angle and path your club head travels from the ground and circles to the top of your backswing and then back to ball contact. In a more simplified term, it’s how the golf club crosses around your body from the address to impact.

The swing plane plays a crucial part in the entire swing sequence. It determines not only the trajectory and direction of the golf ball but also the consistency and power of your shot, and how accurate and solid your ball contact will be. A good swing plane can dramatically reduce your swing errors, hooks, slices, and duffed shots.

Two main types of swing plane:

Golfers execute their swing sequence using two types of swing planes - one plane/ single swing plane and the two plane swing. These two types of swing planes work differently to provide players with better accuracy and flexibility.



One swing plane

One swing plane also known as a single swing plane is the simplest and most direct form of taking your club to backswing and back through the ball. This is the type that most novice and beginner golfers are introduced to. It’s simple, and can easily be repeated.

  • The body is synchronized to rotate away from the target and then comes back through to impact.
  • Flatter and works around the body
  • Strong rotations of the upper body - shoulders, chest, and hips in posture.
  • The lead arm remains on the swing plane while the shoulders is at the top of the backswing

Pros of one swing plane:

  • Simpler and easily repeatable
  • Synchronized movement of the arms and shoulders
  • Shoulder and arms are on the same plane

  • Synchronized movement of the upper body and hips requires more flexibility
  • The challenge to stay in good posture
  • Prone to low shots


Two-Plane Swing:

The two plane swing is characterized by a steeper and more vertical plane. The shoulders and the lead arm are of different planes, hence, two-plane swing. This type has the lead arm steeper and on a more vertical angle which sets up the spine to be more upright. This allows the arm to swing independently of the rotation. This movement of the two plane swing disconnects the left arm from the chest as the body shifts to the right and creates more swing width. From the top of the backswing, the arms trail down before the body turns in the downswing.

  • Steeper and vertical lead arm position
  • Disconnects arm from chest rotation
  • Upright turn and spines tilt back
  • Timing dependent on the backswing and aggressive downswing

Pros of two swing plane:

  • Generate better distance
  • Easy to execute with limited rotation range
  • More variation with shots
  • Requires good tempo and timing
  • Provide more power but challenging to maintain control
  • Takes time to maintain swing width and posture


What Is A Good Swing Plane Angle?


A good swing plane is affected by a lot of factors. This includes the length and type of the club, dynamic posture, as well as the golfer's height. There is also a correct swing plane for the driver and a correct swing plane for irons. Even with professionals, you can shift their swing plane as they change their club.

Correct swing plane for driver

Typically, a driver shot is angled at a 45- 50 degrees swing plane. Understand that the ball is up on a tee. Therefore, to fly off the ball, you will need to sweep the ball at a parallel motion to the ground and impact. With this concept, a flatter swing plane will work better for a driver shot than irons in the fairway.

The flatter plane allows you to rotate with an increased swing length. The longer your swing length, the better you gain momentum to accelerate into impact and resulting in increased distance. Using a steeper plane for the driver can work as well. However, most beginners and amateur golfers find the flatter plane to have better results when hitting the driver. The ball flies off the tee longer and straighter.


  • Keep your arms and hands quiet on the takeaway.
  • Make sure your wrist does not bend on the takeaway.
  • Keep an upright posture
  • Make a big turn. Rotation is the keypoint.

Correct swing plane for irons

Many amateur golfers struggle to hit a solid iron shot. This is commonly caused by a wrong swing plane. These golfers often take swings that are too straight and too steep, causing an over-the-top downswing which eventually results in a slice or curve.

A flatter plane can be considered the standard swing plane and typically maintain a 45-degree angle. However, a higher or steeper plane is used to send the ball with more spin and higher flight. The angle is at 90 degrees and often with an outside-in swing path.

The steeper swing plane is best used when in tall grasses where the ball is buried. When hitting for bunker shots, however, keeping a low-flat swing and inside-out swing path is highly useful.

The swing plane is a crucial element that combines both golf mechanics and its fundamentals. Establishing a solid stance, grip, posture, and alignment will allow you to stay within the swing plane consistently and hit the ball with ease.